However, the use of these instruments affects the unambiguity and intelligibility of the text. Certain rules for and limits to the simplification and shortening of the primary text are needed to secure the possibility of an unambiguous reconstruction of the text by the language user. However, we show that the elimination of homonymy from these texts seems to require considerable skill in the given area.
Some such texts may be unintelligible even to informed experts. We delineate some basic cases of application of instruments for the streamlining of texts, with paradigmatic examples from law, including its Anglophone variants. Partly due to the nature of modern English as used in law, Anglo-American linguistics was compelled to formulate, in cooperation with legal theorists, explicit rules for the production and reconstruction of concise texts. By contrast, neither Slovak, nor Czech linguistics offers a self-contained set of such explicit rules.
Using examples from law, we therefore propose explicit formulations of several rules which are used implicitly. They are the rule of the last antecedent , the rule of serial antecedents , the rule of the nearest reasonable referent , the rule of the series qualifier , the rule of unchanged topic , the rule of focus development , and the rule of repetition dominance. We argue that in the reconstruction of certain concise legal texts, the syntactic and semantic rules provided by linguistics or logic do not suffice.
Therefore, it is necessary to complement them with specific methods of interpretation of legal texts.
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The methods of geolinguistics offer the possibility to study the geographical spread of dialect phenomena. These works represent different periods in the development of linguistic geography methodology, so they represent different linguogeographic concepts. This article inquiries into specific aspects of the relation between conceptual contiguity found in metonymic shifts and the online construction of frames, seen as a dynamic process of construal.
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It first reviews the theory of metonymy regarding the conceptual, lexical and contextual facets of the phenomenon. It then explores the possibility of extending the conceptual relevance of metonymy beyond the traditional typological approach of metonymic categorization, re-interpreting it as a frame-integration mechanism, or blending, whereby two frames are brought together into an extended ICM.
Metonymic blending is formulated as a partial integration between two input spaces discursively driven, whereby an ad hoc identification of a referential commonness plays the role of the generic space of the blending. Subsequently, in the light of the assumption that frame-extension is not given categorically but it also includes — beyond its cognitive relevance — an interactional aspect, this analysis draws an interesting link: that between the generic space of metonymic blend, and common ground.
The latter is precisely what facilitates the metonymic blend, regulating the distance between the integrated frames, at the same time remaining silent as discursively given information.
In any migratory context individuals are faced with several challenges as a result of having to live in a different geographical location, function in a different cultural setting and use a different language. When non-native users of language adapt their speech to resemble that of the host community, it may suggest their strong identification with the target community Hammer and Dewaele This papers focuses on the pronunciation patterns among Polish adult migrants living in the west of Ireland.
The aim of the study is to investigate the link between positive attitudes of the migrant community towards Ireland, Irish culture and community, their acculturation strategies and language identity, and the tendency to use one of the most characteristic features of Irish English — slit-t. The theoretical framework includes acculturation theory Berry , social identity theory Tajfel and turner and language identity Block Home About us Subjects Contacts.
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Refine By Subjects [[missing key: search-facet. Refine by Date — Print Email Share. Browse 1 - 10 of 1, items : Linguistics, other x Clear All. Items per page 10 20 50 Adverbial intensifiers in contemporary Polish and Slovak Sylwia Sojda. Abstract The paper discusses the intensifying functions of some lexical units derived from adverbs in a cross-linguistic Polish-Slovak perspective.
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Abstract This paper analyses the adverbs certainly and generally as stancetaking markers. But, you see, the problem is … Perception verbs in courtroom talk: Focus on you see Magdalena Szczyrbak. Fully revised and updated for the second edition, this invaluable work is the most authoritative dictionary of linguistics of its kind available. With over new entries, the dictionary now boasts greatly enhanced coverage of sociolinguistics, new entries on notable recent theorists in the field, such as Del Hymes and Peter Trudgill, and expanded coverage of regional dialects, such as Estuary English.
Wide-ranging and accessible, this dictionary is an ideal reference for undergraduate students and teachers in language-related courses, and a great introduction to linguistics for the general reader with an interest in the theory and structure of language. Matthews, author The author, Peter Matthews, is professor of linguistics at Cambridge University and an established expert in the field.
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Danker's Concise Greek-English Lexicon
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