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QD A28 TP A35 V35 QD S v. TJ A4 6th ed. QD K72 QD D69 QD 64 L53 QC QC U no. QD C1 A QD QD 65 Y QD A3 C QD S QD C62 TA U55 3 vols. TA P58 S37 QD R2 B QD L86 Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data 10 QD F72 QD M TP M35 TP QD S QD I65 D58 QD I65 P35 QD D QD B35 QD L QD A QD A83 QD H QD E9 B.

QD K TP B QC G37 QD O9 D45 QD H33 TP S24 Y39 QD K68 QD P3 QD L62 TD O73 V47 QD C TD O73 M32 RS S6 J68 QC H36 QD A4 H36 QC Y39 QC T QD H8 R84 TP M5 h43 , 4 Vols. QD T35 QC U nos. QD S75 QD H53 no. QD V35 QD H1 H22 TP S26 QC M27 QD I56 QD I65 P QD I65 I QC 61 L33 v. QD 65 L36 QD W57, 4 vols. QD F QD D QD U7 QD J36 TP B8 G66 QD W QD Y68 QD E64 v. QD P QD C QD A4 W39 QD H5 P QD L TP G QD H5 G28 QE TP Y TP P49 QD T QD D7 QD P76 QD C5 P77 QD W3 D6.

TP T4. TJ T86 QP P42 TP P94 G66 A. TA B QD K QD S74 TA S45 TN S55 QC 61 S QD K55 V.

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QD S4 QD M72 3 vols. QD M QD B QD G87 QD S54 QD S64 Suppl. TJ S74 QD H9 S QD S1 F QD H6 F75 QC 61 K3 QC H6 QD A85 TA B3. QD E4 QD C69 QD Y38 TN T44 QD T43 QD D83 QD H93 QD K45 QD J33 QD P36 QD A23 TP M4 T47 TN 23 U4 no. QD S77 QC H34 QD C1 V TA QD S6 A QD G36 QC J68 QD S1 G QD V36 QD V QD O QD G QD O38 QC B7 TP E65 V3 QC L46 v. QC R33 QC 61 J36 QD 65 Y39 QC Y Connect with UT Libraries. Acid-base dissociation constants in dipolar aprotic solvents. Find in a Library. Activity coefficients at infinite dilution.

Adsorption equilibrium data handbook. Alcohols with hydrocarbons. Solubility data series. Alcohols with water. ASME steam tables. Atlas of metal-ligand equilibria in aqueous solution. Azeotropic data. Basic laboratory and industrial chemicals. Binary diffusion coefficients of liquid vapors in gases.

Bond dissociation energies in simple molecules. Carbon dioxide in non-aqueous solvents.

CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions

Carbon dioxide in water and aqueous electrolyte solutions. Carbon dioxide thermodynamic properties handbook. Carbon dioxide. Carbon monoxide. Chemical kinetics and photochemical data for use in atmospheric studies. Chemical properties handbook. Chemical thermodynamics of actinide elements and compounds. Chemical thermodynamics of organic compounds. Chlorine : tentative tables. Compatibility and solubility. Compendium of the properties of materials at low temperature. Compilation and evaluation of mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties of selected polymers. Compilation of the properties of the rare earth metals and compounds.

Comprehensive handbook of chemical bond energies. Constants of inorganic substances : a handbook. CRC handbook of enthalpy data of polymer-solvent systems. CRC handbook of liquid-liquid equilibrium data of polymer solutions. CRC handbook of phase equilibria and thermodynamic data of polymer solutions at elevated pressures.

CRC handbook of thermodynamic data of aqueous polymer solutions. CRC handbook of thermodynamic data of copolymer solutions. CRC handbook of thermodynamic data of polymer solutions at elevated pressures. CRC handbook of thermophysical and thermochemical data. Critical analysis of the heat capacity data Critical data of pure substances.

Critical review of Henrys Law constants. Critical solution temperatures. Critical stability constants. Data book on hydrocarbons. Data book on the viscosity of liquids. Databook of green solvents. Densities of aliphatic hydrocarbons. Densities of aqueous solutions of inorganic substances. Diffusion in solid metals and alloys. Dissociation constants of organic acids in aqueous solution. Dissociation constants of organic bases in aqueous solution. Electrochemical data. Electrolyte data collection. Electrolyte solutions : literature data on thermodynamic and transport properties.

Electrolytes : interparticle interactions. Electrolytes : properties of solutions. Electrolytes, equilibria in solution and phase equilibria. Transport phenomena. Enthalpies of fusion and transition of organic compounds. Enthalpies of vaporization of organic compounds. Equilibrium properties of fluid mixtures 2. Evaluated kinetic data for high temperature reactions. Evaluated kinetic data on gas phase addition reactions.

Fats and oils handbook. Fluid thermodynamic properties for light petroleum systems. Gas phase ion and neutral thermochemistry. Gas tables. Gases in molten salts. Handbook for the analysis and identification of alternative refrigerants. Handbook of antioxidants. Handbook of aqueous solubility data. Handbook of chemical compound data for process safety.

Handbook of chemical equilibria in analytical chemistry. Handbook of data on organic compounds. Handbook of diffusion and thermal properties of polymers and polymer solutions. Handbook of electrochemical constants. Handbook of electrolyte solutions. Handbook of environmental data on organic chemicals, 4th ed. Handbook of heats of mixing.

Handbook of inorganic chemicals. Handbook of inorganic compounds. Handbook of metal ligand heats and related thermodynamic quantities. Handbook of organic chemistry. For polymeric samples, hydrostatic weighing or density gradient columns were often used. The tables in chapter 6 do not provide specific volumes below the melting transition of semicrystalline materials or below the glass transition of amorphous samples, because PVT data of solid polymer samples are non-equilibrium data and depend on sample history and experimental procedure which will not be discussed here.

PVT data of polymers have been measured by many authors and it is not the intention of this handbook to present all available data. Only a certain number of polymers and their data sets are selected here to provide the necessary information with respect to the pressure dependence of the thermodynamic properties for the main classes of polymer solutions in the preceding chapters. Measurement of densities for polymer solutions at elevated pressures can be made today by Utube vibrating densimeters. Such instruments are commercially available.


Calibration is often made with pure water. Otherwise, densities can also be measured by the above discussed PVT equipment or in the equilibrium cell of a synthetic method. Excess volumes are determined by. Determination of second virial coefficients A2 The osmotic virial coefficients are defined via the concentration dependence of the osmotic pressure, , of a polymer solution, e. There are a couple of methods for the experimental determination of the second virial coefficient. Scattering methods classical light scattering, X-ray scattering, neutron scattering are usually applied to investigate its pressure dependence, e.

Scattering methods enable the determination of A2 via the common relation:. Depending on the chosen experiment light, X-ray or neutron scattering , the constant K is to be calculated from different relations. The molar mass and their distribution function are the most important variables. However, tacticity, sequence distribution, branching, and end groups determine their thermodynamic behavior in solution too. Unfortunately, much less information is provided with respect to the polymers that were applied in most of the thermodynamic investigations in the original literature.

For copolymers, the chemical distribution and the average chemical composition are also to be given. But, in many cases, the samples are characterized only by one or two molar mass averages and some additional information e. Sometimes even this information is missed. The molar mass averages are defined as follows: number average Mn. For high-molecular polymers, a mole fraction is not an appropriate unit to characterize composition. However, for oligomeric products with rather low molar masses, mole fractions were sometimes used. Their special values depend on the chosen equation of state or simply some group contribution schemes, e.

Volume fractions imply a temperature dependence and, as they are defined in equation 14 , neglect excess volumes of mixing and, very often, the densities of the polymer in the state of the solution are not known correctly. However, volume fractions can be calculated without the exact knowledge of the polymer molar mass or its averages. Base mole fractions are sometimes applied for polymer systems in earlier literature. The value for M0 is the molar mass of a basic unit of the polymer.

Sometimes it is chosen arbitrarily, however, and has to be specified. Tables of experimental data The data tables in each chapter are provided there in order of the names of the polymers. In this data book, mostly source-based polymer names are applied. These names are more common in use, and they are usually given in the original sources, too. Structure-based names, for which details about their nomenclature can be found in the Polymer Handbook BRA , are chosen in some single cases only.

CAS index names for polymers are not applied here. Finally, the list of systems and properties in order of the polymers in Appendix 1 is made by using the names as given in the chapters of this book. Within types of polymers the individual samples are ordered by their increasing average molar mass, and, when necessary, systems are ordered by increasing temperature. In ternary systems, ordering is additionally made subsequently according to the name of the third component in the system. Each data set begins with the lines for the solution components, e. The second line provides then the characterization available for the polymer sample.

The following line gives the solvents chemical name, molecular formula, and CAS registry number. In ternary and quaternary systems, the following lines are either for a second solvent or a second polymer or a salt or another chemical compound, e. These tables are prepared in the forms as chosen in WOH.

The originally measured data for each single system are sometimes listed together with some comment lines if necessary. The data are usually given as published, but temperatures are always given in K. Pressures are sometimes recalculated into kPa or MPa. Because many investigations on liquid-liquid or fluid-fluid equilibrium in polymer solutions at elevated pressures are provided in the literature in figures only, chapters 3 and 4 contain additional tables referring to types of systems, included components, and references.

Final day for including data into this Handbook was June, 30, Bondi, A. Koningsveld, R. A-2, 6, , , Wolf, B. Yamakawa, H. Huglin, M. Schulz, G. Tombs, M. Bonner, D. Casassa, E. Van Konynenburg, P. Glatter, O. Higgins, J. Zoller, P. Berry, G. Cooper, A. Kratochvil, P. Rtzsch, M. Wignall, G. Barton, A. Fujita, H. Kamide, K. Chu, B. Barth, H. Wen, H. Vapor-liquid equilibrium; II. Solvent activity coefficients at infinite dilution; III.

Liquid-liquid equlibrium, Chemistry Data Series, Vol. Danner, R. McHugh, M. Wohlfarth, C. Kiran, E. Brandrup, J. Kirby, C. Klenin, V. Lopez, E. Data, 44, , Pethrick, R. Prausnitz, J. Yelash, L. Theory and application, Phys. Christov, M. Experimental methods and systems investigated , Fluid Phase Equil. Binary polymer solutions. The isotherm at K is below the melting temperature. Below Tm, only the amorphous parts absorb CO2. Thus, the solubility can be recalculated with respect to the amount of the amorphous parts of PBS.

The isotherms at and are below the melting temperature where only the amorphous parts absorb CO2. The original paper provides a column where the solubility is also calculated with respect to the amount of the amorphous parts of PBS. Liquid-liquid equilibrium and liquid-liquid-vapor equilibrium data for this system are given in Chapter 3. Table of binary systems where data were published only in graphical form as phase diagrams or related figures. Solvent A : Solvent C : Type of data: 0. Table of ternary or quaternary systems where data were published only in graphical form as phase diagrams or related figures.

Newitt, D. London, , Lundberg, J. Vieth, W. Brockmeier, N. DosSantos, M. Interface Sci. Horacek, H. Koros, W. Cheng, Y. Stern, S. Albihn, P. Parrish, WM. Morel, G. Membrane Sci. Toit, K. Meyer, J. Fonin, M. Massy, 7, 16, Kobyakov, V. Poliolefinov, , Rousseaux, P. Carfagna, C. Fleming, G. Silicone rubber and unconditioned polycarbonate, Macromolecules, 19, , Gorski, R. Solubility of fluorocarbon blowing agents in thermoplastic resins, J. Hirose, T.

Kamiya, Y. Kolmacka, J.

Phase Behaviour of Polymer Solutions and Blends

Shah, V. Effect of polymer side chains, J. Castro, E. Goradia, U.

CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Polymer Solutions at Elevated Pressures

Heuer, T. Sada, E. Wissinger, R. Hachisuka, H. Masuoka, H. Asahi Glass Found. Thuy, L. Berens, A. Chiou, J. Sasaki, M. Shim, J. Hattori, K. Sekine, Elsevier Sci. Kennis, H. Kumar, V. Raymond, P. Takashima, S. Wang, N. Briscoe, B. Finck, U. Lambert, S. Fluids, 4, 15, Pope, D. Schultze, J. A critical test of the influence of molecular gas data, Angew. Condo, P.

Conforti, R. Effect of polymer backbone chains, J. Garg, A. Goel, S. Effect of pressure and temperature on nucleation, Polym. Handa, Y. Yoon, J. Gainar, I. Lee, J. Loos, Th. Fluids, 8, , Sato, Y. Shieh, Y. Crystalline polymers, J. Interaction of supercritical carbon dioxide with polymers. Amorphous polymers, J. Singh, B. Wang, J. Enders, S. Enders , Fluid Phase Equil. Kato, S.

Krykin, M. Surana, R. Vincent, M. Weidner, E. Fluids, 10, , Zhang, Y. Fluids, 11, , Aubert, J. Bhning, M. Poly sulfone and poly ether sulfone , Polymer, 39, , Edwards, R. B, , , Herraiz, J. Data, 43, , Hong, S. Kazarian, S. Fluids, 13, , Mokdad, A. West, B. Wong, B. Zhang, Z. Angelis, M. Bondar, V. Brantley, N. Inomata, H. Kikic, I. Keller, J.

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Hilic, S. Oliveira, J. Wiesmet, V. Fluids, 17, 1, Hata, K. Martinache, J. McCabe, C. Moore, S. Wanke , Chem. Muth, O. Fluids, 19, , Naguib, H. Tork, T. Sirard, S. Tsuboi, A. Areerat, S. DeAngelis, M. Flichy, N. Joung, S. Data, 47, , Liu, J. Nikitin, L. Pfohl, O. Zhang, R. Alessi, P. Cotugno, S. Dimos, V. Koga, T. Lee, L. Fluids, 26, , Palamara, J. Ramachandrarao, V. Seiler, M. Shenoy, S. Fluids, 25, , Wang, S. China , 54, , Wind, J. Xu, Q. Cao, T. Chen, X. Davis, P.

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Solms, N. Tang, M. Fluids, 28, , Maurer, , The concentration of the polymer mixture is kept constant close to the critical concentration of the polymer blend, i. Note: LCST values are measured in many cases at the vapor pressure of the solvent, i. Nevertheless, this table presents only LCST data for polymer solutions where a pressure dependence was explicitly investigated. Ham, J. Ehrlich, P. Allen, G. Myrat, C. Zeman, L. The lower critical solution temperature of polyisobutylene and polydimethylsiloxane in lower alkanes, J.

Systems showing upper and lower critical solution temperatures, J. Hamada, F. Taniguchi, Y.