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Moreover, the researchers discovered an extremely curious artifact, which seems to be an ancient weapon known as a dolphin. It was used to protect the massive ship against attacks from pirates. Moreover, the team reported, that they discovered a second ancient cargo ship close by the Antikythera vessel. Ornate glassware, perfume jars and gold jewelry were recovered from the 2,year-old Antikythera shipwreck. The ship was explored in by legendary Jacques-Yves Cousteau and the CALYPSO crew returned to the wreck and recovered nearly more objects, including the skeletal remains of the passengers and crew.

Nowadays, the possibilities of research are much bigger due to the existence of the most modern high-tech, robots and the new methods of the laboratory analysis. Every new dive on the Antikythera Shipwreck delivers gifts from the ancient past. The wreck offers touchstones to the full range of the human experience: from religion, music, and art, to travel, trade, and even warfare.

The Science That Changed the World: Remarkable Discoveries and Breakthroughs

Metal detector survey of the shipwreck area, photo by Brett Seymour. Photo source: antikythera. The team precisely mapped 10,square-meter 2. Later, the divers descended to 52 meters feet using mixed-gas and closed-circuit rebreathers to exactly locate, document, and retrieve the artifacts. Moreover, they were searching for ancient DNA from ceramic jars, to reveal what people who traveled on the ship ate and drank during their journey.

The researchers created a precise three-dimensional digital model of every artifact, enabling the discoveries to be shared instantly and widely. Exosuit robot exo-suit with human operator inside developed by Nuytco research.

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Credit: American Museum of Natural History. Ancient Origins has followed the exploration of the Antikythera shipwreck since the beginning of the work. The underwater research started in September A year later, the team informed about the results of their works. Along with the bronze armrest, flute, and gaming piece, archaeologists also discovered fifteen relics made of lead, two anchor pieces, several wooden pieces of hull sheathing, mosaic glass, a stone statuette base, and an ornate, finely-formed table jug, known as a lagynos. The Antikythera wreck, located off the island of Antikythera in the Aegean Sea, is a famous underwater archaeological site thrown into the spotlight in when researchers discovered an incredible mechanical device, now known as the Antikythera mechanism.

The metallic device consists of at least 30 different types of gears and is so complex that many consider it to be the first human-made analogue computer. After decades of research, scientists were able to determine that it shows the positions of the sun, moon, and planets as they move through the zodiac, predicts solar and lunar eclipses, and even marked key events such as the Pan-Hellenic games.

The discovery of this unique form of ancient technology, along with other treasures, including finely carved bronze and marble statues, glassware, jewellery, and coins, led researchers to wonder what else may lie within the shipwreck. Top image: Antikythera team members Nikolas Giannoulakis, Theotokis Theodoulou, and Brendan Foley inspect small finds from the Shipwreck while decompressing after a dive to 50 m feet. Natalia Klimczak is an historian, journalist and writer. She worked for Ancient Orgins from December until April Ancient Origins has been quoted by:.

By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings.

Skip to main content. Login or Register in order to comment. Related Articles on Ancient-Origins. In , researchers began carrying out a five-year study of the ancient Greek shipwreck off Antikythera Island that had onboard the famous Antikythera mechanism, hailed as the world's first It could calculate Mars was once warm and wet, and was probably a fertile ground for life before the Earth.

10 Remarkable Discoveries That Came From Ancient DNA - Listverse

Today, Mars still has liquid water underground. One gas strongly associated with life on Earth, methane, has already been found in the Martian atmosphere, and at levels that mysteriously rise and fall with the seasons.

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However, the methane result is under debate, with one Mars orbiter recently confirming the methane detection and another detecting nothing. Martian bugs might turn up as soon as , when the ExoMars rover Rosalind Franklin will hunt for them with a two-meter drill. Besides Earth and Mars, at least two other places in our solar system might be inhabited. In , specialists in sea ice from the University of Tasmania concluded that some Antarctic microbes could feasibly survive on these worlds.

Both Europa and Enceladus have undersea hydrothermal vents, just like those on Earth where life may have originated. When a NASA probe tasted the material geysered into space out of Enceladus last June, it found large organic molecules. Russian billionaire Yuri Milner has been so enthused by this prospect, he wants to help fund a return mission. All life on Earth is related, descended ultimately from the first living cell to emerge some 4 billion years ago.

Perhaps it would use a different coding system in its DNA. Or it might not have DNA at all but some other method of passing on genetic information. By studying a second example of life, we could begin to figure out which parts of the machinery of life are universal, and which are just the particular accidents of our primordial soup. We might even be able to work out some universal laws of biology, the same way we have for physics — not to mention new angles on the question of the origin of life itself.

It would greatly increase the chances that, somewhere among those billions of habitable planets in our galaxy, there could be something we could talk to. If, on the other hand, the discovered microbes were indeed related to us, that would be a bombshell of a different kind: It would mean life is infectious.

When a large meteorite hits a planet, the impact can splash pulverized rock right out into space, and this rock can then fall onto other planets as meteorites. Life from Earth has probably already been taken to other planets — perhaps even to the moons of Saturn and Jupiter. Microbes might well survive the trip.

In , Apollo 12 astronauts retrieved an old probe that had sat on the moon for three years in extreme cold and vacuum — there were viable bacteria still inside. Even if we never find other life in our solar system, we might still detect it on any one of thousands of known exoplanets.

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It is already possible to look at starlight filtered through an exoplanet and tell something about the composition of its atmosphere; an abundance of oxygen could be a telltale sign of life. The James Webb Space Telescope , planned for a launch, will be able to take these measurements for some of the Earth-like worlds already discovered.

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Just a few years later will come space-based telescopes that will take pictures of these planets directly. Using a trick a bit like the sun visor in your car, planet-snapping telescopes will be paired with giant parasols called starshades that will fly in tandem 50, kilometers away in just the right spot to block the blinding light of the star, allowing the faint speck of a planet to be captured.