You all would not have guessed some of these. Some imitative words are more surprising than others. How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts. The awkward case of 'his or her'. Which of these things doesn't belong? Test your vocabulary with our question quiz! Definition of work of art. First Known Use of work of art , in the meaning defined at sense 1.
Learn More about work of art. Resources for work of art Time Traveler! It seems important to review some of the arguments that have been employed both for and against the overall conception of art that such theories share. In favour of the view, it is undeniable that many works of art are about the world in somewhat the way that language may be about the world.
This is evident in the case of literature which is itself an instance of natural language. It is no less evident in the case of painting.
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A portrait stands to its sitter in a relation that is not unlike that which obtains between a description and the thing described. Even if the majority of pictures are of, or about, entirely imaginary people, scenes, and episodes, this is no different from the case of literature, in which language is used to describe purely imaginary subjects. This relation between a work of art and its subject, captured in the word about , is sometimes called representation —a term that owes its currency in aesthetics to Croce and Collingwood, who used it to draw the familiar contrast between representation and expression.
The concept of expression is variously analyzed. Its principal function in modern aesthetics, however, is to describe those aspects and dimensions of artistic meaning that seem not to fall within the bounds of representation, either because they involve no clear reference to an independent subject matter or because the connection between the subject and the artistic form is too close and inextricable to admit description in the terms appropriate to representation. Therefore, it is widely recognized that abstract i. Music, in particular, is often said to be an expression of emotion and to gain much of its significance from that.
Work of art
Expression in such a case is unlike representation, according to many philosophers, in that it involves no descriptive component. An expression of grief does not describe grief but rather presents it, as it might be presented by a face or a gesture. Expression must be distinguished from evocation. To say that a piece of music expresses melancholy is not to say that it evokes arouses melancholy.
To describe a piece of music as expressive of melancholy is to give a reason for listening to it; to describe it as arousing melancholy is to give a reason for avoiding it. Religious officials spoke out against the fresco, for a number of reasons, including the style with which Michelangelo painted Jesus beardless and in the Classic style of pagan mythology.
In a move called a fig-leaf campaign, bits of fabric and flora were later painted over the offending anatomy, some of which were later removed as part of a 20th century restoration.
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But his unconventionally humanistic approach to his religious commissions certainly raised eyebrows in his day. But what upset critics the most were St. The realist painting puts the viewer in the center of a surgical amphitheater, where physician Dr. Samuel Gross lectures students operating on a patient. However, a century later, the painting has finally been recognized as one of the great masterpieces of its time on both its artistic and scientific merits. Some even wondered if the piece was a hoax, but Dada journal The Blind Man defended the urinal as art because the artist chose it.
Though all that remains of the original is a photograph by Alfred Stieglitz who threw the piece away taken for the magazine, multiple authorized reproductions from the s are in major collections around the world.