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Formation of Correlations
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Nonequilibrium Physics at Short Time Scales
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Kubo, R. Statistical-mechanical theory of irreversible processes. Japan 12 , — Statistical physics II: nonequilibrium statistical mechanics Springer, Mountain, R. Generalized hydrodynamics. Advances in Molecular Relaxation Processes 9 , — Fleischhauer, E. Application of particle imaging velocimetry PIV to vibrational finishing. Materials Proc. Toda, M. Statistical physics I , 2nd ed. Springer-Verlag, Levesque, D. A 2 , — Long-time behavior of the velocity autocorrelation function for a fluid of soft repulsive particles. Download references. Media donations provided by Rosler are gratefully acknowledged.
Correspondence to R. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4. CIRP Annals Measurement Science and Technology By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate. Article metrics. Advanced search. Skip to main content. Subjects Physics Statistical physics, thermodynamics and nonlinear dynamics.
Abstract Experimental evidence and theoretical modeling suggest that piles of confined, high-restitution grains, subject to low-amplitude vibration, can serve as experimentally-accessible analogs for studying a range of liquid-state molecular hydrodynamic processes. Introduction Molecular hydrodynamics typically uses two approaches to study molecular-scale dynamics in liquids and gases, the first measuring light 1 , neutrons 2 , or high-frequency sound scattered from an interrogation volume 3 , the second computationally simulating the dynamics of spatially-limited, N-body systems subject to various forcing mechanisms, and interacting through specified interparticle potentials 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7.
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Results This paper reports a set of experimental and theoretical contributions to the study of dense, liquid-like, vibration-driven granular systems. Figure 1: Experimental measurement of grain dynamics. Full size image.
Figure 2: Experimental signature of local statistical mechanical equilibrium. Figure 3: Solid-liquid, liquid, and dense gas single-grain hydrodynamics. Figure 4: Hydrodynamic organization of short-time-scale single-grain dynamics. Figure 5: Hydrodynamic grain pile response to vibration. Figure 6: Qualitative comparison of measured and calculated hydrodynamic grain flows. Summary Experiments and statistical mechanical modeling demonstrate that high-restitution grain piles, subject to low-amplitude vibration, share many essential dynamical properties known and predicted in molecular hydrodynamic dense gas and liquid systems: i Grain systems exist in local macroscale statistical mechanical equilibrium.
Additional Information How to cite this article : Keanini, R. References 1. Google Scholar 2. Meiwes-Broer, J. Dinh, E. Suraud, Rev. Dinh, P. Reinhard, E. Suraud, Phys. Stone, P. Reinhard, Prog.
Macroscopic liquid-state molecular hydrodynamics | Scientific Reports
Suraud, page in "Time-dependent density functional theory" edts. Marques, C. Ullrich, F. Nogueira, Springer, Berlin, Andrae, M. Belkacem, T. Giglio, M. Ma, F. Megi, A. Pohl, in " Formation of Correlations - Nonequilibrium at short time scales " edts. Morawetz, Springer, Berlin, Belkacem, M.
Bouchenne, P. Suraud, Encycl. Bender, P. Ballentine, L.. World Scientific. For a discussion of the standard uncertainty relations for mixed states see, e. We remark that a shorter, one line, proof of the uncertainty relations for mixed states follows from the fact that any density matrix may be expressed in terms of pure states [46, 47]. These conditions need not always hold. D20 Belavkin, V. Quantum continual measurements and a posteriori collapse on CCR - Foroozani, N..
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Misra, B.. APS Physics,18, Wolf, F. A Watched Pot Never Boils - Strictly speaking, a finite interval of the internal energy densities corresponds to the single melting and other coexistence temperature s. This width of this interval is set by the latent heat of fusion at the melting temperature. At other temperatures in which no phase coexistence appears, there is a unique internal energy density a sharp thermodynamic state variable T associated with every temperature T. Our focus is on Hamiltonians for which equilibration arises.
For completeness, we note that our generally derived broadening of the distribution P 0 in driven systems would imply relations similar to Eq. Goldstein, S.. Extremely quick thermalization in a macroscopic quantum system for a typical nonequilibrium subspace - APS Physics,17, On the time scales in the approach to equilibrium of macroscopic quantum systems - Sachdev, S.. Bruin, J.
Zaanen, J.. Superconductivity: Why the temperature is high - Nussinov, S.. Decoherence due to thermal effects in two quintessential quantum systems - Theory of universal incoherent metallic transport - Hartnoll, Sean A. Nature Phys. Eyring, H.. The Activated Complex in Chemical Reactions - Ensemble inequivalence in systems with long-range interactions - Leyvraz, Francois et al.
Inequivalence of ensembles in a system with long range interactions - Barre', Julien et al. Statistical mechanics and dynamics of solvable models with long-range interactions - Campa, Alessandro et al. Murata, Y..
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Prethermalization - Berges, J. Gring, M.. Relaxation and Pre-thermalization in an Isolated Quantum System - B89 no. Kitagawa, T.. The dynamics and prethermalization of one dimensional quantum systems probed through the full distributions of quantum noise - Far-from-equilibrium field theory of many-body quantum spin systems: Prethermalization and relaxation of spin spiral states in three dimensions - Babadi, Mehrtash et al.
X5 no. Zanotto, E. The glassy state of matter: Its definition and ultimate fate - Weingartner, N. A phase space approach to supercooled liquids and a universal collapse of their viscosity - Since the energy density is bounded from below by its ground state value g.
While it is natural to expect a continuous Gaussian distribution for supercooled fluids and glasses, the distribution P 0 for plastically deformed crystals might be somewhat different. Since different spatial regions of an equilibrium crystal that has been cracked, etc. Thus, P 0 may be a sum of delta-functions characterizing the different finite volume patches that emulate the finite equilibrium crystal.
Berthier, L.. Theoretical perspective on the glass transition and amorphous materials - Dixon, P. Specific-heat spectroscopy and dielectric susceptibility measurements of salol at the glass transition - Angell, C. Glass formation and glass transition in supercooled liquids, with insights from study of related phenomena in crystals - Sillescu, H..
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