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What has government done to ensure that fracking does not damage human health or the environment? The answer depends on where you live. While a number of federal environmental laws could potentially be used to regulate fracking, those laws often include loopholes that exempt the oil and gas industry from their provisions. As a result, regulation is mostly left up to the states, and state laws regulating fracking vary widely.
Shale Gas and Fracking: The Science Behind the Controversy
In some states, for example, disclosure of fracking chemicals is entirely voluntary; in others it is required, but only after wells are drilled, and the requirement usually includes a trade secret exemption. As of , only eight states had passed laws requiring baseline water quality testing at fracking sites, and just two required ongoing water quality monitoring. These policy gaps can be mutually reinforcing. In Wyoming, for example, because there is no law requiring baseline water testing, people who live near fracking sites must do their own testing—but with a limited chemical disclosure law, it is difficult to know exactly which chemicals to test for.
Our report, Managing the Risks of Unconventional Oil and Gas Development , reviews the range of tools that local officials can use, depending on state laws and other factors, to manage the impact of fracking operations in their communities. If you live in a community facing decisions about fracking, there are many ways you can make a difference, elevate the discussion, and advance science-based policy.
Shale Gas and Fracking: The Science Behind the Controversy [PDF] Full Ebook
Some key suggestions from the toolkit:. We can ensure that decisions about our health, safety, and environment are based on the best available science—but not without you. Your generous support helps develop science-based solutions for a healthy, safe, and sustainable future. Urge Congress to hold the Trump administration accountable for spreading misinformation on hurricane impacts and censoring scientists. Skip to main content. Fracking: Science, Policy, and People. Communities need science to help them weigh risks and benefits of unconventional oil and gas extraction.
Event: 'Shale Gas and Fracking: The Science behind the Controversy' - Henry Jackson Society
We Need Your Support to Make Change Happen We can ensure that decisions about our health, safety, and environment are based on the best available science—but not without you. Toward an Evidence-Based Fracking Debate Take Action. Share full text access. Please review our Terms and Conditions of Use and check box below to share full-text version of article. Volume 20 , Issue 4 August Pages Related Information.
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