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Citing articles via Google Scholar. The describing phrase 'one-nation Tory' originated with Benjamin Disraeli — , who served as the chief Conservative spokesman and became Prime Minister in February Towards the end of the 19th century, the Conservative Party moved away from paternalism in favour of free-market capitalism. In the first half of the 20th century, fears of extremism saw a revival of one-nation conservatism. The Conservative Party continued to espouse the philosophy throughout the post-war consensus from One-nation thinking influenced their tolerance of the Labour government 's Keynesian intervention in the economy, formation of a welfare state and the National Health Service.

Later years saw the rise of the New Right , espoused by leaders such as Margaret Thatcher.

One-nation conservatism

This strand of conservatism rejected one-nation thinking and attributed the country's social and economic troubles to the welfare state and Keynesian policies. For instance, David Cameron , who led the Conservative Party from to , named Disraeli as his favourite Conservative and some commentators and MPs [ which? One-nation conservatism was conceived by the Conservative British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli , [14] who presented his political philosophy in two novels, namely Sybil, or The Two Nations and Coningsby , published in and , respectively.

He emphasised the importance of social obligation rather than individualism. Disraeli justified his ideas by his belief in an organic society in which the different classes have natural obligations to one another. This was a continuation of the feudal concept of noblesse oblige which asserted that the aristocracy had an obligation to be generous and honourable. To Disraeli, this implied that government should be paternalistic.

Its proponents would say that it accepts the need for flexible policies and as such one-nation conservatives have often sought compromise with their ideological opponents for the sake of social stability.

Paternalism in Early Victorian England | Taylor & Francis Group

Disraeli adopted one-nation conservatism for both ethical and electoral reasons. Before he became leader of the Conservative Party , the Reform Act had enfranchised the male working-class. As a result, Disraeli argued that the party needed to pursue social reforms if it were to have electoral success. He felt that one-nationism would both improve the conditions of the poor and portray the Liberal Party as selfish individualists.

While in government, Disraeli presided over a series of social reforms which supported his one-nation politics and aimed to create a benevolent hierarchy. This act made both sides of industry equal before the law and the breach of contract became a civil offence , rather than criminal. By the end of the 19th century, the Conservatives had moved away from their one-nation ideology and were increasingly supportive of unrestricted capitalism and free enterprise.

12. What is Paternalism?

It defined itself as the party of national unity and began to support moderate reform. As the effects of the Great Depression were felt in Britain, the party was drawn to even greater levels of state intervention. Human Rights Cambridge : Polity Gill J.

Parson Bull of Beverley London : S. Gleadle K. Gray R. Hutchins B. Kirby R. The Voice of the People: John Doherty — Lawes K.

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