For males, associations were found with lower heart rate at all ages, consistent with previous evidence. One possible explanation is that heart rate was less stable through time for females than for males. For example, the correlation between heart rate at ages 15 and 18 years was 0. A second possible explanation is that female criminal behaviour is less persistent than male criminal behaviour, and low resting heart rate is more strongly related to persistent antisocial behaviour.
However, other studies of less serious behaviour problems, such as rule-breaking and aggression, have also found weaker, or non-existent effects for females.
The Anatomy of Violence: The Biological Roots of Crime by Adrian Raine
One limitation of the current study was that, although numerous confounding variables were included in the analyses, we were unable to test causal mechanisms. Given the intergenerational continuity in crime 37 and heart rate, 38 there might be residual confounding in the current study, because measures of parental antisocial behaviour and heart rate were not included. The current study included participants with valid data at age It is possible that the exclusion of other cases because of missing data influenced the findings, although results based on multiple imputation of missing data were very similar to those based on complete cases.
Because of the high rate of violence in this sample, we cannot be sure if low resting heart rate predicted non-violent crime independently of violence—there were too few participants who committed non-violent crime only to analyse them as a separate category.
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However, in a previous Swedish study with a lower rate of violence, low resting heart rate was associated with non-violent crime even after excluding participants with records of violence. Pelotas is a relatively poor city in a relatively rich southern state of Brazil.
Biosocial bases of aggressive and violent behavior--implications for nursing studies.
When crime data were collected for this study in , there were Future studies should include measures of possible intervening physiological and psychological variables, and employ other designs to strengthen causal inference. One potentially useful direction for future research would be to use a Mendelian randomization design to improve causal inference.
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If causal effects were identified, the specific cardiovascular processes e. Also, replication studies are needed for females, which should consider the stability of both heart rate and crime as possible explanations for why heart rate is less predictive for females than males across adolescence. It is a striking conclusion that an individual-level biological characteristic, such as heart rate, is associated with crime in a Brazilian sample, given the high levels of serious violence in Brazil.
One might speculate that individual-level factors would be irrelevant in this social context, because of major socio-cultural drivers of crime and violence, including poverty, inequality, gangs, drug trafficking and corrupt and under-resourced criminal justice systems. However, the current study demonstrates that, even in this setting, a fully integrated biopsychosocial understanding of violence is required. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide.
Sign In or Create an Account. Sign In. Advanced Search. Article Navigation. Close mobile search navigation Article Navigation. Volume Article Contents. Low resting heart rate is associated with violence in late adolescence: a prospective birth cohort study in Brazil Joseph Murray. E-mail: prof. Oxford Academic. Google Scholar. Pedro C Hallal. Gregore I Mielke. Adrian Raine. Fernando C Wehrmeister. Luciana Anselmi. Fernando C Barros. Cite Citation. Permissions Icon Permissions.
Abstract Background : Youth violence is a major global public health problem. Heart rate , violence , crime , cohort study. Figure 1. Open in new tab Download slide.
Flow chart of data collected on heart rate and crime in the Pelotas Birth Cohort Study. Table 1. Open in new tab. Table 2. Table 3. Disability-adjusted life years DALYs for diseases and injuries in 21 regions, — a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study Search ADS. Global, regional, and national age—sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for causes of death, — a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study Crime and violence in Brazil: Systematic review of time trends, prevalence rates and risk factors.
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. Seattle, WA: University of Washington, Childhood behaviour problems predict crime and violence in late adolescence: Brazilian and British birth cohort studies.
Family interventions and their biosocial bases
Predictors of violent or serious delinquency in adolescence and early adulthood: A synthesis of longitudinal research. Google Preview. Annotation: The role of prefrontal deficits, low autonomic arousal, and early health factors in the development of antisocial and aggressive behavior in children. Resting heart rate and antisocial behavior: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis. What are the implications for our criminal justice system?
Should we condemn and punish individuals who have little or no control over their behaviour? Should we act preemptively with people who exhibit strong biological predispositions to becoming dangerous criminals? These are among the thorny issues we can no longer ignore as our understanding of criminal behaviour grows. For the past 35 years, his research has focused on the neurobiological and biosocial bases of antisocial and violent behavior, and ways to both prevent and treat it in both children and adults.
First, I want to emphasize that this is not a light, pop science kind of read. This is one of those detailed books requiring commitment and attention. Adrian Raine gives us an in-depth look at brain Search History. Search history from this session 0. Metrics Views In This Chapter Family interventions and their biosocial bases Introduction Family factors in the etiology of antisocial behavior Biological factors Gene—family correlation and interaction Biosocial bases of family-based prevention and intervention Family-based prevention during pregnancy, infancy, and the preschool years Home visiting programs Early parent-training programs Family-based interventions during childhood and adolescence Parent-training programs Family therapy Family interventions with adults Partner violence Biosocial origins of partner violence Biosocial underpinning of partner violence Biosocial bases of partner violence interventions Psycho-educational programs Cognitive behavioral therapy Substance-use treatment Conclusion References.
Family interventions and their biosocial bases Authored by: Brandy R. Abstract The family has played a central role in theories of delinquency and crime since criminology emerged in the nineteenth century Wells and Rankin, , and research examining the etiology of antisocial behaviors historically has emphasized family factors Heath et al.