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United Van Lines determining the least costly route between a pickup and delivery point. Project Scheduling ModelsProject Scheduling Models Scheduling of the various tasks that make up a project in order to minimize the time or cost it takes to complete the entire project.


  • Explain the Management Science Approach!
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William Lyon Homes scheduling the construction of a new tract of homes in Orange County. Fidelity Investments making mutual fund decisions given the uncertainty of the company performance, and the markets. The International Olympic Committee making site decisions given uncertain weather patterns and changing international conditions.

Inventory ModelsInventory Models Determining how much of a product to order and when to place the order to minimize overall total costs. Disneyland designing waiting lines and policies for rides at the amusement park.


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United States Postal Service determining staffing levels and type of waiting line at different branch offices. Simulation ModelsSimulation Models Analyzing a variety models whose forms do not meet the assumptions or are too complex to be solved by other specialized techniques. United States Army evaluating tactical combat situations. Observe Operations Try to view problem from various points of view within the organization. Ease into complexity Do a lot of listening; ask simple questions; initially build a simple, common sense model that can be made more complex later.

But results from this phase may result in a re-evaluation of the problem definition.


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It involves modeling, solution approaches, and communication. If team-building and co-operation are diminished, creativity within the organization can suffer. Ideas are not thrown around, but rather people wait for the management science framework to come up with the best approaches.

The above points deal with the disadvantages in terms of employee engagement and creativity. But management science can have a few drawbacks on a more practical, operational sense as well.

Explanation of the Management Science Approach

First, the approach generalizes that things can be quantified. For the model to work and make effective predictions, things should be quantifiable and easily measured. If they are, then mathematical calculations will work accurately and the outcomes can be analyzed with care. For example, while resources and equipment can be standardized, human behavior is much harder to generalize, as certain people can perform well in specific conditions in which someone else might fail. Therefore, by creating artificial generalization and standardization, the management will reduce the effectiveness of the predictions.

If the set of processes analyzed is not correctly quantified, the outcomes might not be the most accurate. In effect, this means the resulting decisions might not yield the optimum results. In addition to the above, management science has a problem with scaling. Since the framework requires plenty of data and the data has to be as accurate as possible, the implementation process can be much easier for smaller organizations. Creating a process for data collection, analysis and prediction is easier when you have only a limited number of data available with a small organization.

On the other hand, the cost of establishing an efficient management science system can be high and the expensive element of the framework can make it unattractive for smaller firms. Watch this interesting case study on how management science could be applied to understanding mobile users warning: only for super nerds like me.

Management science has a number of benefits, which has meant that different fields have started using it to enhance operational and managerial efficiency. Since its early start as part of a core approach to the military, the application has found its way to industries as varied as medical, political, public administration and business. Management science has provided solutions and identified deeper insights into the industries in a number of ways. The following examples are among the best examples of how management science can be applied in a meaningful manner:.

Game Theory: The Science of Decision-Making

As the examples show, there are different ways to utilize management science. The application of the framework helps organizations create enhanced efficiency in areas such as cost, production and the level of service by solving the different managerial problems. In terms of applying management science in business, there is a six-step formula for making the most of it. The steps will help streamline business operations and create a process-based environment for the organization. Source and Copyrights: World Health Organisation website. The organization must first identify the different management processes it currently has in place.

By implementing the analytical approach, you will notice which processes need scaling, implementation or adjustment. This step is the key part of management science; it is about diagnosis and the identification of the solution. In some instances, it can even help with creating systems that prevent future problems. With the analysis done, the focus should move to identifying the right process for achieving the right results.

Management science tends to present a number of solutions and predictions, which means the organization has to identify the most effective processes for its needs.

The Management Science Approach Problem Definition. - ppt download

Redesigning of the processes might require additional resources, either in terms of money or labor. Ensure the appropriate amount and type of resources is identifying to guarantee the newly established processes work as planned. The fifth step is about implementation of the above processes. As mentioned in the section about the disadvantages of management science, the system can easily cause fragmentation if the organization is not careful.

Finally, the implemented processes require constant analysis and review. Therefore, you must make sure you continue to collect data and analyze the effectiveness of the processes in place. Only this will guarantee they are working as intended and will provide the organization better chances of tweaking the approach as you go.

Management science is a logical and analytical approach to management and how it impacts an organization. The approach has been used in a variety of industries since its inception during World War II. By using the approach, an organization is able to identify different management processes and whether they are working as efficiently as they could. It can provide new ways to approach management issues and it helps streamline the decision-making process by creating models the organization can use. While management science can provide plenty of benefits in terms of improvements in productivity and cutting costs, the implementation can also have drawbacks on the workplace.

Employee satisfaction can suffer and the organization has to deal with the fragmentation of processes. The approach is not a quick remedy for solving issues, but when it is applied correctly, the results can lead to success. E-mail is already registered on the site. Please use the Login form or enter another. You entered an incorrect username or password. Employers are taking employee enjoyment much more seriously — and for a good reason.

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Not yet a member? By studying existing strategies and tactics, the military hoped to gain a better perspective on where resources could best be used. The success of this approach soon found its way into the business world after World War II. Technological advances and economic growth saw business managers wanting to make the most of their available resources. The management science approach proved an effective means for maximizing resources and reframing large operational problems into manageable scenarios.

Is Management Still a Science?

Management science also goes by the name operations research, which pretty much explains the approach management scientists take when working in a business setting. It then develops possible theories for how the problem developed and designs possible solutions. Scientists develop models from which to test proposed theories and gather data from the results. Analysis of the data then provides practical solutions for solving a problem.