ARC funded projects come and go and usually a few key papers result from such endeavours. In a few instances, the project aims are ambitious and the project results innovative and insightful. This volume falls into the latter category.
A O Spriggs
It focuses largely on the empirical results of the first archeological survey and excavation program carried out on the remote Aru Islands of eastern Indonesia over three fieldwork seasons Following in the famous footsteps of Alfred Russell Wallace who visited the islands in , the Australian archaeology team headed by Sue O'Connor, Matthew Spriggs and Peter Veth articulate in Chapter 1 the cultural and environmental importance of the islands in bridging Asia, Melanesia and Australia.
The Torresian Plain, flanked by coastal mountains, was flooded by the marine transgression leaving the Aru Islands in the west around 11,, years ago followed by the Torres Strait Islands in the east around years ago. Strategically located on the edges of the continental shelf and the Pleistocene coastlines of Sahul, both archipelagoes have the potential Author: Ian McNiven. Date: July 1, So how did features become shared across Papuan groups at the peripheries of Wallacea, when they are broken up by intervening Austronesian groups?
The problem with this is it does not accord with the conventional understanding of the prehistory of the region which, according to Bellwood , , and traditionally adopted by others was home only to sparse populations of simple hunter-gatherers prior to their being overwhelmed by expanding groups of farming Austronesians. The Wallacean linguistic area extends over a large archipelago of islands and thus can only have come into existence in the presence of a pre-Austronesian maritime culture connecting disparate speaker groups.
That means that if Wallacea did exist as a pre-Austronesian maritime culture, we should also find it reflected in the archaeological record. And indeed, whilst the traditional large-scale models of Island Southeast Asia have not been sensitive to it, archaeological work within Wallacea has increasingly eschewed the pre-Austronesian stereotype; the Papuan late Pleistocene is no longer viewed as necessarily a time of stasis in which economically simple hunter-gatherers were sparsely spread in contrast to the Austronesian Holocene as the time of rapid agriculturalization and technological change.
Instead archaeology is progressively bearing out the conclusions we have drawn from the histories embedded in the languages of Wallacea. Long-distance connections in the pre-Austronesian period are also strongly indicated by shared rock art designs across Wallacea. Obsidian transfers beginning from BP into Timor from elsewhere in Island Southeast Asia further witness the existence of inter-island trading networks before the Austronesian arrival in the region Ambrose et al.
In Timor there are signs of domesticated taro Colocasia esculenta cultivation from BP Oliveira In linguistic terms as in biogeography, Wallacea lies at the crossroads of the Austronesian and Melanesian worlds, with its languages showing progressively more Melanesian features the closer to New Guinea they are spoken. However, the occurrence of Papuan features in Austronesian languages is not in itself limited to Wallacea.
Archaeological evidence exists to support the proposition advanced here that in pre-Austronesian times, Wallacea was already inhabited by seafaring, agricultural peoples. Adelaar, K. London: Routledge. Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. In Alexandra Y. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Allen, Jim, Anderson, Michael. Sudest-English Dictionary. Unpublished Manuscript. Anderson, Gregory D. The Velar Nasal. In Matthew S.
Rock Art in West Papua. Aubert M. McCulloch, G. Mortimer, A. Journal of Archaeological Science Language Sciences Bellwood, Peter. Prehistory of the Indo-Malaysian Archipelago. Taiwan and the Prehistory of the Austronesian-Speaking Peoples. In Peter Bellwood, James J. Oceanic Linguistics Blust, Robert.
Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. More on the Position of the Languages of Eastern Indonesia. Central and Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian. Remote Melanesia: One History or Two? An addendum to Donohue and Denham. Hawu Vowel Metathesis. Phonology Essentials Gizzra Language. In Steve Parker ed. Bowden, John, Metathesis in Helong. In Yassir Nasunius ed. Brandes, J. Bijdragen tot de vergelijkende klankleer der Westerse Afdeeling van de Maleisch-Polynesische Taalfamilie.
PhD Thesis, Utrecht University. Bugenhagen, Robert D. Campbell, Lyle. The Meso-American Language Area. Areal Linguistics: A Closer Scrutiny. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Meso-America as a Linguistic Area. Language Chlenova, Svetlana F. Daweloor, a Southwest Moluccan Language. Parnickel ed. Chlenov, Mikhail A. In Yury A. Clark, Maybeth. Serialization in Mainland Southeast Asia. Luksaneeyanawin ed. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University. Coates, Brian J.
David Bishop. Alderley: Dove Publications. Collins, James T. Coward, David F. An Introduction to the Grammar of Selaru. Masters Thesis, University of Texas at Arlington. Typological Overview. Oxon: Routledge. Principles of Areal Typology. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Daigle, Benjamin. Masters Thesis, University of Leiden. Archaeology in Oceania Dickerson, R. Distribution of Life in the Philippines. Manila: Philippine Bureau of Science.
Aru Islands - definition of Aru Islands by The Free Dictionary
Dixon, R. A Grammar of Boumaa Fijian. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Dol, Philomena. Donohue, Mark. Typology and Linguistic Areas. Linguistic Typology Bound Pronominals in the West Papuan Languages. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Whence the Indirect Possessive Construction? Banana Musa spp. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 7: Linguistic Typology — World Phonotactics Database. Dryer, Matthew S. Order of Numeral and Noun.
Order of Genitive and Noun. Order of Negative Morpheme and Verb.
Order of Subject, Object and Verb. Determining Dominant Word Order. Dunn, Michael, Stephen C. Emeneau, Murray. India as a Linguistic Area. Language 32 1 : Emeneau, Murray B.
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Ferguson eds , Language in Ethiopia , Florey, Margaret. Bradley eds , Language Endangerment and Language Maintenance , London: Routledge Curzon. Language Shift and Endangerment. Araki: a Disappearing Language of Vanuatu. Frostad, Benedicte Haraldstad. PhD Thesis, Radboud University. Galis, K. Talen en Dialecten van Nederlands Nieuw-Guinea. Tijdschrift Nieuw-Guinea , , Telsystemen in Nederlands-Nieuw-Guinea. Den Haag: Haagsche drukkerij en uitgeversmij. Gasser, Emily. Papers from ICAL , vol. Canberra: Asia-Pacific Linguistics. Geurtjens, H.
Spraakleer der Keieesche taal. Gil, David. Numeral Classifiers. Glover, Ian. Archaeology in Eastern Timor, Canberra: Terra Australis. Gorenflo, L. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Greenhill, Simon J. In Ruth Mace, Claire J. London: UCL Press. Rarities in Numeral Systems. Harmon, David. Southwest Journal of Linguistics Are Linguistic and Biological Diversity Linked? Conservation Biology in Practice 3: Haspelmath, Martin. Heinsohn, Thomas E. Marsupials as Introduced Species. Hetzron, Robert. Genetic Classification and Ethiopic Semitic. The Hague: Mouton. Biak: Description of an Austronesian Language of Papua.
Himmelmann, Nikolaus P. Holton, Gary. Huber, Juliette. PhD Thesis, Leiden University. Hughes, Jock. In Charles E. Grimes ed. Hull, Geoffrey. Hume, Elizabeth. Metathesis in Language Database. Ohio State University. Huxley, T. Irwin, Geoffrey. The Prehistoric Exploration and Colonisation of the Pacific. James, Dorothy J. Language and Linguistics in Melanesia Kamholz, David. Klamer, Marian. Kambera Intransitive Argument Linking. Studia Linguistica 52 2 : Studies in Philippine Languages and Cultures Eastern Indonesia as a Linguistic Area.
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Lichtenberk, Frank. Lydekker, Richard. A Geographical History of Mammals. Lynch, John. In Bethwyn Evans ed. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon. Maan, G. Proeve van een Bulische Spraakkunst. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff. Maffi, Luisa. Linguistic, Cultural, and Biological Diversity. Annual Review of Anthropology — Masica, Colin P. Defining a Linguistic Area: South Asia. Matisoff, James A. Moore, Clive. New Guinea: Crossing Boundaries and History.
Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. Moore, Joslin L. Musgrave, Simon. Typology and Geography in Eastern Indonesia. In Timothy Jowan Curnow ed. Myers, N. Mittermeier, C. Mittermeier, G. Biodiversity Hotspots for Conservation Priorities. Nature Possessive Classification. Pleistocene Sahul and the Origins of Seafaring. Anderson, J. Oliveira, N. Pawley, Andrew. Austronesian Historical Linguistics and Culture History. Price, David S. Reesink, Ger.
Clause-final Negation: Structure and Interpretation. PLoS Biol 7 Ross, Malcolm. Some Current Issues in Austronesian Linguistics. In Darrell T. Tryon ed. In Henry Y. Chang, Lilliam M. Taipei: Institute of Linguistics, Academica Sinica. Sandfeld, Kristian. Paris: Champion. Schapper, Antoinette. Neuter Gender in Eastern Indonesia. Schapper, Antoinette a. Schapper, Antoinette ed.
Papuan Languages of Timor, Alor and Pantar. Sketch Grammars , vol. Berlin: Pacific Linguistics, Mouton de Gruyter. Neuter Gender in the l anguages of Aru. Wacana In Marian Klamer ed. Berlin: Language Science Press. Numerals in the Alor-Pantar Languages. Schulte, J.
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Siewierska, Anna. Alignment of Verbal Person Marking. Spriggs, Matthew. The Island Melanesians. Oxford: Blackwell. Van Staden, Miriam and Reesink, Ger. Serial Verb Constructions in a Linguistic Area. In Gunter Senft ed. Steinhauer, Hein. The Sounds of Southeast Babar. Stolz, Thomas. No Sprachbund Beyond this Line!
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