In reality he had to struggle with language wherever he worked and did not possess the gift of tongues attributed to him. He is justly credited for his idea that the missionary must adapt to the customs and language of the people he evangelizes, and for his advocation of an educated native clergy—initiatives not always followed by his successors. Research has shown that he always provided for the continuing pastoral care of the communities he founded and did not abandon them after baptism as some critics maintained.
In fact, many of his own efforts were spent instructing those baptized hastily by others. The areas he evangelized in India have remained Catholic to the present day.
Ignatius of Loyola
Vigorous and prolonged persecution in the 17th century did destroy the missions he founded in the Moluccas and Japan but only after thousands had died as martyrs. Even before his death, Francis Xavier was considered a saint , and he has been formally venerated as such by the Catholic Church since In he was named patron of all missions. Francis Xavier.
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Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Mission to India Years in Japan Legacy. Written By: Robert L. See Article History. Early life and education. Start Your Free Trial Today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.
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Francis Xavier started from Goa on his mission to the south Indian fishermen. The Inquisition was established in The new mixed population thus became firmly Roman Catholic and provided a stubborn resistance to attacks. Francis Xavier —52 reached Goa in He established Christian communities in India, built a college in Goa for training priests, began a prospering mission in Japan, and died off the coast of China while hoping to enter that land.
Saint Ignatius of Loyola
Despite his death, there were about…. After missionary work for more than two years, he left Japan; but thereafter Jesuit missionaries arrived continuously. The missionaries utilized trade in goods from the Portuguese ships to propagate Christianity, and there were cases in which merchant ships would not…. History at your fingertips.
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Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Czerny and two other Jesuits are among the new cardinals to be created on October 5. During the past six decades, the lakeside campus has expanded to host more than , retreatants. Triple Celebrations.
Over the weekend of Aug. Twelve Novices to Pronounce Vows. If we forge ahead with our own arrangements, with beautiful things but without Jesus, we make no headway; it does not work. Jesus is more important.
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