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Phenomenology and Biosemiotics
Show More. Average Review. Write a Review. Related Searches. The Bauhaus school in Germany has long been understood through the writings of its founding Far less recognized are texts by women in the View Product. In Cinema Approaching Reality, Victor Fan brings together, for the first time, Chinese and Euro-American film theories and theorists to engage in critical debates about film in Shanghai and Hong Kong from the s through s.
His point of departure Deaf people are usually regarded by the hearing world as having a lack, as missing Deaf people are usually regarded by the hearing world as having a lack, as missing a sense. Yet a definition of deaf people based on hearing loss obscures a wealth of ways in which societies have benefited from the significant Ecology without Culture: Aesthetics for a Toxic World. Cultures have long defined themselves through biological elements to prove their strength and longevity, from Cultures have long defined themselves through biological elements to prove their strength and longevity, from cherry blossoms in Japan to amber waves of grain in the United States.
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Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Nov 21, Billie Pritchett rated it liked it. Jakob Johann von Uexkull was a biologist in the late 19th-early 20th century who made a couple of major contributions to the field. But in addition to his contribution, he also had some views that would not be accepted in mainstream biology or mainstream science today.
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One of his major contributions was his concept Umwelt. Uexkull went to great lengths to show that even though we commonly think of ourselves as living in one 'world' with other animals, in fact humans and animals inhabit starkly different worlds and worlds within those worlds. It's not nearly as mysterious as it sounds. A go-to example of his is the tic. A tic can climb onto a blade of grass and went for years to draw blood. A tic's sole purpose in life is to draw blood that will feed its children.
So it climbs onto a blade of grass and waits until an animal comes by. Then it attaches to the animal, draws blood, and dies. The tic is not designed to see or feel but to sense butyric acid in its environment. In ordinary life, the presence of butyric acid corresponds to the presence of a larger animal.
In the presence of a body with butyric acid, the tic attaches, feeds, and that's all she wrote. That is just one example of the kind of narrow worlds that animals live within. Humans do too. And you can even break it down to the individual organism. Any individual organism tic, human, what have you perceives the world slightly different that any of its conspecifics. This is the world-within-worlds aspect. The reason this is a meaningful contribution to biology, or was in Uexkull's time, is that a more mechanistic view of biology was once dominant.
Under the spell of a simplified version of interaction with the environment, mainstream science took for granted the complicated way in which organisms were designed to interact with the environment and that each environment was perceived as different for different organisms. Which brings us to the next major contribution of Uexkull's. One way to illustrate this is a human embryo.
A human embryo transforms into a human being because there are biological laws that make that embryo unfold as a human rather than a bacterium, a worm, a donkey, et cetera. Were it not for these built-in principles, there would be no particular development. This is where Uexkull got a little weird, though. In modern terms, we would refer to this unfolding as something to do with biological laws.
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Uexkull spoke of this unfolding in magical or spiritualist terms. He would describe it, for example, as the playing out of a natural symphony, and it's not clear if the reader is supposed to take this as metaphor or something else. Regardless, this guy was on the right track. The book is written really loosely and not very fun to read straight through.
Oddly enough, it would make a pretty good bathroom book, something you can just pick up, read some passages from, and put back down. If you do that, you won't miss much. Oct 18, Tim Mclaughlin rated it really liked it Recommends it for: those interested in phenomenology in general or Jonas in particular. Recommended to Tim Mclaughlin by: University professor. Shelves: philosophy , semiotics , phenomenology.
This is truly one of the most unusual books that I have ever read. After reading, I'm left with one overall impression: "quirky. Of the This is truly one of the most unusual books that I have ever read.
Feb 17, Hussain rated it it was amazing. Read a few chapters for a class, plan on finishing it as soon as I get the time. He posits a theory far weaker than Darwin's of natural selection. That said, he writes beautifully and the analogies he makes in this book to illustrate his points are truly exhilarating. Sep 06, Ben rated it really liked it. When we ourselves step into one of these bubbles, the familiar meadow is transformed. Many of its colorful features disappear, others no longer belong together but appear in new relationships.
A new world comes into being. Through the bubble […] we see the world as it appears to the animals themselves, not as it appears to us.
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Because living always means building spheres, both on a small and a large scale, humans are the beings that establish globes and look out on to horizons. Living in spheres means creating the dimension in which humans can be contained. Spheres are immune-systemically effective space creations for ecstatic beings that are operated upon by the outside. Lots of repetition but a multitude of fun and interesting examples here too.