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Protecting the Gulf's Marine Ecosystems from Pollution | Abdulaziz H. Abuzinada | Springer

Tell your senators to save our marine monuments Take Action. But an increasing barrage of human-generated ocean noise pollution is altering the underwater acoustic landscape, harming—and even killing—marine species worldwide. Consider the incessant din of the roughly 60, commercial tanker and container ships that ply the seas at any given time. High-intensity sonar used by the U. Navy for testing and training causes some of the same effects—and has been linked to mass whale strandings , too.

Meanwhile, in the hunt for offshore oil and gas, ships equipped with high-powered air guns fire compressed air into the water every 10 to 12 seconds for weeks to months on end. Traveling as far as 2, miles, these deafening seismic blasts disrupt foraging, mating, and other vital behaviors of endangered whales and may ultimately push some, such as the North Atlantic right whale, to extinction.

The blasts lead some commercial fish species to abandon their habitat —a direct hit on coastal economies dependent on catch rates; they also injure and kill marine invertebrates, including scallops, crabs, and squid. That oil can linger for decades and do irreversible damage to delicate marine ecosystems. But even smaller spills pollute the ocean and the air with long-lasting impacts. Even the most advanced cleanup efforts remove only a fraction of the oil, and sometimes they use hazardous technologies. Chemical dispersants used in the largest spill response efforts—1. The fate of our seas is not only up to the government or industry.

Our individual, daily actions matter, too.


  1. Protecting the Marine Environment | International Cooperation | US EPA;
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You can start by reducing water pollution and runoff at home, being more mindful of your plastic consumption , or organizing a cleanup of your local waterway. You can also support the work of NRDC and other environmental advocacy groups as well as other businesses and organizations that work to preserve our coasts and waters. Our current system of managing the waters that cover almost half our planet does little to ensure the long-term survival of marine ecosystems.

Austrian students transformed trash into a giant whale sculpture. Carbon pollution isn't just warming the climate—it's also making our oceans more acidic. How NRDC helped form an unlikely alliance to help protect 38, square miles of unique habitat in the Atlantic.

Eight years after the BP disaster in the Gulf, the administration aims to relax the rules designed to prevent catastrophic explosions and spills. We will keep you informed with the latest alerts and progress reports. Oregon State University. Stop the assault on whales, dolphins, and other marine mammals Take Action. Tell Trump to trash his offshore drilling plan once and for all Take Action. A Motion for the Ocean. The Great Oyster Crash. This debris can even clog storm drains and lead to increased flood events in low-lying areas. Tourism is important to many coastal communities.

Beautiful, clean beaches bring in and keep people around—dirty beaches do not. Reducing or eliminating marine debris from our beaches is critical because littered shorelines cost communities and lead to a loss of revenue for local businesses, as well.

Citizen’s Guide to Protecting the Mississippi Gulf Coast from Marine Debris

Decreasing the amount of marine debris by 75 percent can increase beach visitation by 43 percent NOAA Everyone can help prevent marine debris and the pollution of oceans and estuaries. The prevention steps require changing the way we think about, use, and dispose of products that end up as marine debris. Refuse products that can harm you or the environment. An example would be to say no to straws.

Marine Ecosystem Diversity in the Arabian Gulf: Threats and Conservation

The number of straws used in the U. Reduce the amount of single-use plastics you use. Do you need a plastic grocery bag for a couple items that are easy to carry? Reuse or repurpose items you would normally throw away. An example would be to reuse plastic grocery bags for trash containers around your house. Recycle or dispose of trash properly. Trash should be stored in sturdy containers with lids to avoid animals or wind removing trash from the container.

Tell your senators to save our marine monuments

The cleanup event includes more than 50 sites across the three coastal Mississippi counties. It is one of the largest Mississippi volunteer events, with 2,—4, volunteers participating annually. In alone, volunteers collected more than 14 tons of trash. For more information and to learn how you can get involved, visit the Mississippi Coastal Cleanup website at www. You can learn more about our events and even register to volunteer right on the website. Join us in protecting our beautiful coast, learning more about protecting the environment and natural resources, and having fun getting involved in the community!

Galloway, T. Springer International Publishing.

Large marine ecosystem

Karami, A. Moore, C. Marine Debris Program. Office of Response and Restoration. Retrieved May 12, Rochman, C. V, Lam, R. Van Cauwenberghe, L. Microplastics in Bivalves Cultured for Human Consumption. Wessel, C. World Economic Forum. The Mississippi State University Extension Service is working to ensure all web content is accessible to all users.

Mississippi State University. View as PDF: P Figure 1. Volunteers clean up the Mississippi Coast. Photo by Kevin Hudson, Agricultural Communications. Figure 2. Marine debris collected at the Mississippi Coastal Cleanup event. Figure 3. Photo by Abby Braman, Pearl Riverkeeper. Figure 4.

How We Can Keep Plastics Out of Our Ocean - National Geographic

How microplastics enter and are dispersed through the food web. Figure 5. Conceptual flow diagram linking plastic pollution, microplastic creation, and bioaccumulation in oyster populations that may be consumed by humans. Top series: Plastics are introduced to the waterways and break down into microplastics via photo-oxidation and physical forcing. Bottom series: Microplastics absorb toxins from the water column via filter-feeders, such as oysters. Harvested oysters may expose humans to microplastics and their associated toxins.

Figure 6. How filter feeding organisms e. Figure 7. Economic impact of beach litter reductions. Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration A school group collects trash and data during the Mississippi Coastal Cleanup event. Photo by Agricultural Communications.