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The Classical period of Athens and its great accomplishments left a lasting impression, but the political cleavages, particularly the struggle between Athens and Sparta, increasingly reduced the political strength of the Greeks. Not until they were conquered by the Macedonians did the Greeks attain a new importance as the cultural leaven of the Hellenistic empires of Alexander the Great and his successors.
A new system of colonization spread as far as the Indus city-communities fashioned after the Greek prototype , and Greek education and language came to be of consequence in the world at large. Greece again asserted its independence through the formation of the Achaean League , which was finally defeated by the Romans in bce.
The spirit of Greek civilization subsequently exercised a great influence upon Rome.
Civilization Before Greece and Rome
Greek culture became one of the principal components of Roman imperial culture and together with it spread throughout Europe. When Christian teaching appeared in the Middle East, the Greek world of ideas exercised a decisive influence upon its spiritual evolution.
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From the time of the partition of the Roman Empire, leadership in the Eastern Empire fell to the Greeks. Their language became the language of the state, and its usage spread to the Balkans. The Byzantine Empire , of which Greece was the core, protected Europe against potential invaders from Anatolia until the fall of Constantinople in The main treatment of the Byzantine Empire from about to about is given in the article Byzantine Empire.
History of Europe. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents.
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Load Previous Page. Greeks, Romans, and barbarians The main treatment of Classical Greek and Roman history is given in the articles Aegean civilizations ; ancient Greek civilization ; Hellenistic Age ; ancient Italic people ; and ancient Rome. Greeks Of the Indo-European tribes of European origin, the Greeks were foremost as regards both the period at which they developed an advanced culture and their importance in further evolution.
Comparing and Contrasting Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome
Historical Fiction. Slaves were simply those people who were unlucky enough to be captured in battle.
The 10 Oldest Ancient Civilizations That Have Ever Existed
But there was social mobility back then, and one who set himself to the task of getting ahead had a chance of doing just that. The people back then were inventive and artistic, as Saggs shows. One contrasts this with the stagnation of the Dark Ages, thousands of years later, and asks why there is such a contrast in the lives, values, beliefs and practices of the people from these two eras. One word pops into mind more than any other: authoritarianism.
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- The 10 Oldest Ancient Civilizations That Have Ever Existed!
- Civilization before Greece and Rome.
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