Genghis Khan had a vision to unite all the different tribes under one Mongol rule. The early Mongols did not understand the culture and lifestyle of settled living. During his time of authority over the tribes that formed the Mongol confederation, Genghis Khan had a unique style of work, which we will explore more in this article.
His heavy influence on the Mongol empire was evident in Mongol warfare, as well as some parts of their religious and traditional practices. However, there were also certain aspects of Mongol life, such as their burial culture, that remained relatively untouched. Before the time of the Mongol empire, Genghis Khan had a vision to unite all the different tribes under one Mongol rule and to conquer other lands to expand the Mongol empire.
This policy rendered the withdrawing enemy a chance to live if they surrendered. Although it seems like an unconventional strategy, we believe that Genghis saw people as valued labour that could contribute to the expansion of his relatively small army at the time. On the contrary, the Mongol troops never surrendered and their soldiers were known to be faithful subjects that fought ruthlessly for their leader. It is rather breathtaking that the rule of an empire under one great Khan was 43 thousand times larger than Singapore! If Genghis Khan were alive today, he would still be an excellent leader.
He was famously known for understanding and reading the character of his enemies, and adopting the most appropriate strategy for different conquests. He was a man we would either love deeply or hate with disgust. For example, he tried to peacefully resolve the conflict with the Shah of Khwarezm before resorting to wage war with him. This left the Khwarezm army unprepared and led to a successful conquest for Genghis Khan. Recognizing their relatively small military strength, the Mongol army worked within an efficient system made up of strong physical, logistical and operational capabilities.
As evident from their rich supply of silk and livestock, the Mongols were well equipped with military armour and food supplies. Apart from their genetical advantages, the horses and the riders were heavily armoured. This allowed the army to work flexibly as they could take commands from their respective generals in their fleets.
They would ambush their enemies from another direction, successfully fooling their enemies who withdrew their troops thinking that the Mongols had surrendered. We can infer that Genghis Khan was a leader with farsight, with his flexibility in warfare earning the respect of his fellow men. Hence, Genghis Khan is said to have affected the Mongol warfare to a great extent. The Mongol Empire and Its Legacy. Leiden: Brill, Carboni, Stefano, and Komaroff, Linda, eds. Exhibition catalogue. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, Rossabi, Morris "Genghis Khan. New York: Scribner, Carboni, Stefano, and Trinita Kennedy.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. See works of art. Works of Art 4. Essay Genghis Khan ca. More consumers use high-tech material, such as aircraft cable s, for a more secure construction. Unlike traditional yurts, these modern yurts are usually meant to be relatively permanent. Yurts have existed for thousands of years in Central Asia, in virtually the same form as they exist today.
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They are ideal dwellings for the nomad ic cultures of the formidable Central Asian steppe. The dry, flat grassland of the steppe is a study in extreme weather. It is a very windy biome because no trees, shrub s, or tall grasses serve as windbreak s. Spring winds can regularly blow up to 9 kilometers per hour 6 miles per hour. Yurts are ideally suited to this biome. The circular shape of yurts makes them able to resist winds from any direction.
Only the door of the yurt is vulnerable , and yurt doors are usually very strong and modern.
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They often have a wooden frame, and sometimes the door itself is made of wood, as opposed to a flap opening in the felt. This strengthens the door, and the yurt, against the strong winds of the steppe. The sloping, aerodynamic shape of the roof also means winds are unlikely to tear off roof beams. The circular shape of yurts also allows them to be easily and efficiently heated and cooled.
The toono, or crown opening, ensures that fresh air is continually circulated.
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A central stove provides heat evenly, and extra layers of felt can further insulate against the frigid winter of the steppe. During the rainy season , it is not unusual for families to dig a trench around the yurt, similar to a moat. This catches the rain and prevents the yurt from becoming too muddy or unstable. The traditional orientation of a yurt is with the door to the south. This is where an altar would be placed, if the residents were Christian or Buddhist, and would serve as the traditional seating area for village elders or respected leaders.
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Yurts are a part of Central Asian identity. Central Asian nomads historically moved several times a year. Not only did gers make moving easy by being so fast to set up, they were also very light. Large family gers could be entirely dismantle d in an hour and hauled on two or three pack animals, such as horses, camels, or yaks. Farther west, in what is now Afghanistan and Pakistan, nomads were more likely to use donkeys as pack animal s.
Because the steppe has no trees, nomads had to trade with residents of river valley s and, later, the Silk Road for wood. Merchants and skilled woodworkers would sell or trade ger construction materials in different forms. For the least amount of goods or services, they would trade logs of willow or birch.
For a medium price, consumers could trade pre-cut poles. For the highest price, they could buy complete khana. Central Asian nomads had herds of sheep, yak, and goats. Cashmere , for instance, one of the softest, lightest, and most valuable wools, comes from Mongolian goats.
The wool of all these animals could be felted. The traditional method of felting wool among steppe communities was to thoroughly wet it, roll it around a pole, wrap it in yak hide, and drag it behind a galloping horse. This efficiently compress ed the wool fibers to tough, sturdy felt. Yurts have been well-documented through history.
The Buryat Mongolian community of Siberia claim their land as the birthplace of the ger, and the earliest known depiction of the structure comes from a bronze bowl unearthed in the Zagros Mountains of Iran. The bowl dates to about BCE. Scythians were nomadic people from the land surrounding the Black and Caspian Seas. Italian explorer Marco Polo detailed the gers used by Mongols in the time he lived with them, between and Mongolian leader Genghis Khan commanded his entire empire from a large ger. That empire stretched throughout all of Central Asia, from the Korean Peninsula in the east; through China, Tibet, and Iran in the southwest; and through Georgia and Russia in the north.
Instead, it was mounted on a huge, wheeled cart pulled by 22 oxen. The ger was 9 meters 30 feet in diameter and guarded at all times by Mongolian soldiers and cavalry. As the Mongol Empire expanded, it eventually reached Eastern Europe.