But the hooded bubble burst at mid-decade, and the social movement that had attracted several million members and additional millions of sympathizers collapsed into insignificance. Balanced and comprehensive, One Hundred Percent American explains the Klan's appeal, its limitations, and the reasons for its rapid decline in a society confronting the reality of cultural and religious pluralism.
This history of the black community of Indianapolis in the 20th century focuses on methods of political action -- protracted negotiations, interracial coalitions, petition, and legal challenge -- employed to secure their civil rights. These methods of "polite protest" set Indianapolis apart from many Northern cities. Richard B. Pierce looks at how the black community worked to alter the political and social culture of Indianapolis.
As local leaders became concerned with the city's image, black leaders found it possible to achieve gains by working with whites inside the existing power structure, while continuing to press for further reform and advancement. Pierce describes how Indianapolis differed from its Northern cousins such as Milwaukee, Chicago, and Detroit.
Here, the city's people, black and white, created their own patterns and platforms of racial relations in the public and cultural spheres. When Abraham Lincoln issued his final Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, , he not only freed the slaves in the Confederate states but also invited freed slaves and free persons of color to join the U.
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Army as part of the U. By the end of the war in , nearly , black soldiers had fought for the Union. In Lincoln and the U. Picturing Frederick Douglass is a work that promises to revolutionize our knowledge of race and photography in nineteenth-century America. Teeming with historical detail, it is filled with surprises, chief among them the fact that neither George Custer nor Walt Whitman, and not even Abraham Lincoln, was the most photographed American of that century.
In fact, it was Frederick Douglass — , the ex-slave turned leading abolitionist, eloquent orator, and seminal writer whose fiery speeches transformed him into one of the most renowned and popular agitators of his age. Now, as a result of the groundbreaking research of John Stauffer, Zoe Trodd, and Celeste-Marie Bernier, Douglass emerges as a leading pioneer in photography, both as a stately subject and as a prescient theorist who believed in the explosive social power of what was then just a nascent art form.
The comprehensive introduction by the authors, along with headnotes for each section, an essay by Henry Louis Gates, Jr. Morris, Jr. Taken together, this landmark work canonizes Frederick Douglass through a form he appreciated the most: photography. Pioneering work traces the history of African Americans in a northern state from their first arrival as slaves of 18th-century French traders through the end of the 19th century.
Reissued by Indiana University Press. Chronicles the growth, both in numbers and in power, of African Americans in a northern state that was notable for its antiblack tradition. Southern Seed, Northern Soil captures the exceptional history of the Beech and Roberts settlements, two African-American and mixed-race farming communities on the Indiana frontier in the s. Stephen Vincent analyzes the founders' backgrounds as a distinctive free people of color from the Old South.
He traces the migration that culminated in the founding of the two communities. He follows the settlements' transformations through the pioneer and Civil War eras, and their gradual transition to commercial farming in the late 19th century. Located sixty-five miles northeast of the state capital of Indianapolis, Marion, Indiana, has seen a number of notable people pass through the community, including such Indiana legends as Cole Porter and James Dean.
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It has also, however, been home to racial strife, including the infamous lynching of two African American men in Marion was also the hometown of a young black man who would do much to help restore harmony among blacks and whites in the community. Beineke, who lived in Madison and was one of Archey's students, is the fifth volume in the IHS Press's youth biography series. The book explores the career of Archey, the first African American to be elected sheriff in Indiana.
Raised in Marion, Indiana, the young Archey and his loving family lived under the cloud of the notorious lynching. To thirteen-year-old Sarah Caldwell, everything in Indiana is dark--the bug-filled cabin, the woods engulfing the farm, and especially the future. Their widowed father has married Eliza, a young Quaker schoolteacher, and Sarah has just discovered that Eliza is an abolitionist! Sarah believes she must tell her father about the secret, unlawful activities Eliza's sewing circle performs at Levi and Catherine Coffin's home.
Yet when Sarah learns her sister will be visiting Indiana with her husband and baby, happiness and anticipation overcome her concern about Eliza. Rachel's family soon arrives, bringing Polly, a slave girl about Sarah's age. Thrown together to do farm chores and look after Rachel's baby, the two girls, white and black, free and enslaved, slowly develop a friendship.
Meanwhile, Sarah begins to question her beliefs about slavery. When bounty hunters nearly kidnap Polly, Sarah worries for her safety. Tensions mount within the cramped household as it appears that her brother-in-law may trade Polly's future for his family's prosperity. Ultimately, Sarah is faced with a bitter decision that could change forever the lives of her family. Two runaway slaves take refuge at Katy and Levi Coffin's home - a stop on the underground railroad. Based on historical events, this powerful story reveals the courage it took for people to run for freedom, and for one young girl to help them.
Beautifully illustrated. On July 4th, , Caroline Quarlls left family, friends, and the only life she'd known behind in St. Louis, Missouri. As the child of a slave mother and a slave-owner father, her young life was one of drudgery and obedience until that fateful Independence Day when she illegally took a steamboat across the Mississippi River from St.
Louis to Alton, Illinois, in the hope of reaching freedom. With the help of abolitionists, the year-old traveled through Illinois, Wisconsin, Indiana, and Michigan on the Underground Railroad, enduring long, bumpy rides in the bottom of a wagon and taking cover in everything from barrels to potato chutes. Each step of the way, Quarlls was pursued by lawyers paid to retrieve her and bounty hunters greedy for the reward money. Finally, she crossed from Detroit into Sandwich, Canada, where created a new life as a free woman, an exciting but also frightening, experience.
Quarlls' story gives young readers a personal snapshot of the tension-filled journey of a runaway slave while illuminating a segment of the complicated history of race in our nation.
Their mission was to build homes away from the factories and slums where they were forced to live. They came from the South to make a better life for themselves and their children, but they found Jim Crow in the North as well. The meeting gave birth to Better Homes of South Bend, and a triumph against the entrenched racism of the times took all their courage, intelligence and perseverance.
Author Gabrielle Robinson tells the story of their struggle and provides an intimate glimpse into a part of history that all too often is forgotten. Few Americans have had as much impact on this nation as Frederick Douglass. Born on a plantation, he later escaped slavery and helped others to freedom via the Underground Railroad. In time he became a bestselling author, an outspoken newspaper editor, a brilliant orator, a tireless abolitionist, and a brave civil rights leader.
Frederick Douglass for Kids follows the footsteps of this American hero, from his birth into slavery to his becoming a friend and confidant of presidents and the leading African American of his day. And to better appreciate Frederick Douglass and his times, readers will form a debating club, cook a meal similar to the one Douglass shared with John Brown, make a civil war haversack, participate in a microlending program, and more. This valuable resource also includes a time line of significant events, a list of historic sites to visit or explore online, and Web resources for further study.
What do all these people have in common: the first man to die in the American Revolution, a onetime chief of the Crow Nation, the inventors of peanut butter and the portable X-ray machine, and the first person to make a wooden clock in this country? They were all great African Americans.
For parents and teachers interested in fostering cultural awareness among children of all races, this book includes more than 70 hands-on activities, songs, and games that teach kids about the people, experiences, and events that shaped African American history. This expanded edition contains new material throughout, including additional information and biographies. Children will have fun designing an African mask, making a medallion like those worn by early abolitionists, playing the rhyming game "Juba," inventing Brer Rabbit riddles, and creating a unity cup for Kwanzaa.
Ten slaves—all under the age of 19—tell stories of enslavement, brutality, and dreams of freedom in this collection culled from full-length autobiographies. First settled by African Americans in , Indianapolis's east-side district of Martindale had, by the early s, fallen on hard times. A bleak economic outlook had helped fuel a growing crime rate among the neighborhood's young people.
Into this seemingly hopeless situation stepped a forty-four-year-old wife and mother who knew something about despair, having endured the death of a child. In the woman—Edna Barnes Martin—established a day care center for the children of working mothers, offering hope and security to countless young African Americans. For thirty years Martin, the founder and director of the East side Christian Center, "reformed so-called unredeemable boys, trained girls to become competent women, clothed and fed multitudes, and found jobs for the unemployed.
In this posthumous volume, Thornbrough — , the acknowledged dean of black history in Indiana, chronicles the growth, both in numbers and in power, of African Americans in a northern state that was notable for its antiblack tradition. She shows the effects of the Great Migration of African Americans to Indiana during World War I and World War II to work in war industries, linking the growth of the black community to the increased segregation of the s and demonstrating how World War II marked a turning point in the movement in Indiana to expand the civil rights of African Americans.
Indiana Blacks describes the impact of the national civil rights movement on Indiana, as young activists, both black and white, challenged segregation and racial injustice in many aspects of daily life, often in new organizations and with new leaders. The final chapter by Lana Ruegamer explores ways that black identity was affected by new access to education, work, and housing after , demonstrating gains and losses from integration. Surprisingly, kids were some of the key instigators in the Civil Rights Movement, like Barbara Johns, who held a rally in her elementary school gym that eventually led to the Brown vs.
Board of Education Supreme Court school desegregation decision, and six-year-old Ruby Bridges, who was the first black student to desegregate elementary schools in New Orleans. In The Civil Rights Movement for Kids, children will discover how students and religious leaders worked together to demand the protection of civil rights for black Americans. They will relive the fear and uncertainty of Freedom Summer and learn how northern white college students helped bring national attention to atrocities committed in the name of segregation, and they'll be inspired by the speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Activities include: reenacting a lunch counter sit-in; organizing a workshop on nonviolence; holding a freedom film festival followed by a discussion; and organizing a choral group to sing the songs that motivated the foot soldiers in this war for rights. Exiles and Pioneers analyzes the removal and post-removal histories of Shawnee, Delaware, Wyandot, and Potawatomi Indians. The book argues that the experience of these eastern Indians from the late s to the s was at its core a struggle over geographic and political place within the expanding United States.
Even as American expansion limited the geographic scope of Indian lands, the extension of American territories and authority raised important questions about the political status of these Indians as individuals as well as nations within the growing republic. More specifically, the national narrative and even the prominent images of Indian removal cast the eastern Indians as exiles who were constantly pushed beyond the edges of American settlement. This study proposes that ineffective federal policies and ongoing debates within Indian communities also cast some of these eastern Indians as pioneers, unwilling trailblazers in the development of the United States.
Who were the first settlers in North America? Where did they come from?
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How did they survive? In this expansive one-volume account of the native peoples of North America, eminent historian William Brandon—who devoted much of his life to examining this subject—presents this revelatory history of the development and culture of the native peoples of North America, from their incipience through the late nineteenth century.
Through first-person accounts, Long Journey Home presents the stories of the Lenape, also known as the Delaware Tribe. These oral histories, which span the post-Civil War era to the present, are gathered into four sections and tell of personal and tribal events as they unfold over time and place. The history of the Lenape is one of forced displacement from their original tribal home along the eastern seaboard into Pennsylvania, continuing with a series of displacements in Ohio, Indiana, Missouri, Kansas, and the Indian Territory.
For the group of Lenape interviewed for this book, home is now the area around Bartlesville, Oklahoma. The stories of their long journey have been handed down and remain part of the tribe's collective memory and bring an unforgettable immediacy to the tale of the Lenape. Above all they make clear that the history of seven generations remains very much alive.
Indian peoples made some four hundred treaties with the United States between the American Revolution and , when Congress prohibited them. They signed nine treaties with the Confederacy, as well as countless others over the centuries with Spain, France, Britain, Mexico, the Republic of Texas, Canada, and even Russia, not to mention individual colonies and states. In retrospect, the treaties seem like well-ordered steps on the path of dispossession and empire. The reality was far more complicated. Calloway narrates the history of diplomacy between North American Indians and their imperial adversaries, particularly the United States.
Treaties were cultural encounters and human dramas, each with its cast of characters and conflicting agendas. Many treaties, he notes, involved not land, but trade, friendship, and the resolution of disputes. Far from all being one-sided, they were negotiated on the Indians' cultural and geographical terrain.
When the Mohawks welcomed Dutch traders in the early s, they sealed a treaty of friendship with a wampum belt with parallel rows of purple beads, representing the parties traveling side-by-side, as equals, on the same river. But the American republic increasingly turned treaty-making into a tool of encroachment on Indian territory.
Illustrated volume of watercolors and drawings of Potawatomi Indians in northern Indiana by the artist b. Also contains two essays on Winter's life and work.
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The book is divided into nine chapters, the bulk of which are factual narratives of publicly recorded events. The story of totem poles and the stories they tell and includes the history of a totem pole that stood in the Golden Hills neighborhood of Indianapolis from until Native American ancestors inhabited the land of Indiana from around 9, BC. It began with a total eclipse of the sun. In , a Shawnee known as Lalawauthika roughly meaning "Loudmouth" proclaimed himself Tenskwatawa "The Open Door" , a spiritual leader in direct contact with the Master of Life.
Those who disbelieved him, he warned, "would see darkness come over the sun. Ironically, Tenskwatawa's resulting prestige was greatly enhanced by his mortal enemy, governor of the Indiana Territory and future American president William Henry Harrison. In The Gods of Prophetstown , Adam Jortner provides a gripping account of the conflict between Tenskwatawa and Harrison, who finally collided in at a place called Tippecanoe.
Though largely forgotten today, he writes, it determined the future of westward expansion and influenced the impending War of An Introduction to the Prehistory of Indiana summarizes some of the answers to commonly asked questions about Indiana archaeology and prehistory. The impetus for it derives from the almost daily inquiries archaeologists receive from a varied public, for which archaeology and the numerous evidences of Indian occupation in the state have some attraction.
Included in this booklet is a brief summary of what is currently known of the prehistoric Indian occupation of Indiana, a brief discussion concerning the history of archaeological research in Indiana, a bibliography for those desiring to pursue some of the topics in greater depth, a statement regarding university degree programs, and a list of prehistoric sites and museums accessible to the public.
Honors the 20th-century Native American Woodland People and their distinctive, related, cohesive cultures. In tracing the roots of Indiana place-names, Michael McCafferty focuses on those created and used by local Native Americans. Drawing from exciting new sources that include three Illinois dictionaries from the eighteenth century, the author documents the language used to describe landmarks essential to fur traders in Les Pays d'en Haut and settlers of the Old Northwest territory.
Impeccably researched, this study details who created each name, as well as when, where, how and why they were used. The result is a detailed linguistic history of lakes, streams, cities, counties, and other Indiana names. Each entry includes native language forms, translations, and pronunciation guides, offering fresh historical insight into the state of Indiana. In March , a group of angry and intoxicated settlers brutally murdered nine Indians camped along a tributary of Fall Creek.
The carnage was recounted in lurid detail in the contemporary press, and the events that followed sparked a national sensation. There are conflicting portraits of what happened to the Indians of the Old Northwest Territory. The answers often depend on who's telling the story, with each participant bending and stretching the truth to fit their own view of themselves and the world.
The Major and the Country Miss (Mills & Boon Historical): First edition
Bones on the Ground, presents biographical sketches and first-person narratives of Native Americans, Indian traders, Colonial and American leaders, and events that shaped the Indians' struggle to maintain possession of their tribal lands in the face of the widespread advancement of white settlement. The book explores the history and culture of the Miami Indians, who have fought for many years to gain tribal status from the U. This volume will appeal to a general audience as well as serious students of tribal history interested in the experience of a North American Indian tribal community over three and a half centuries.
The four programs on this two-DVD set, each with a teachers' guide, enrich the study of Indiana history, helping meet Indiana's academic standards for social studies and national curriculum standards: "Frontier Indiana " explores the interaction of Native Americans, French, British, and Americans in the area that became Indiana. Hands-on activities, games, and crafts introduce children to the diversity of Native American cultures and teach them about the people, experiences, and events that have helped shape America, past and present.
Lives of historical and contemporary notable individuals like Chief Joseph and Maria Tallchief are featured, and the book is packed with a variety of topics like first encounters with Europeans, Indian removal, Mohawk sky walkers, and Navajo code talkers. Readers travel Native America through activities that highlight the arts, games, food, clothing, and unique celebrations, language, and life ways of various nations. A time line, glossary, and recommendations for Web sites, books, movies, and museums round out this multicultural guide.
This series is dedicated to all The Woodland People who persevere despite hardships, inhumanity, and hostility. Their spirit, like the Eagle, soars. Their integrity, like the Turtle, persists. P G Wodehouse. Ruby McBride. Freda Lightfoot. The Shadow Hour. Betty Neels. A Proud Alliance. The Pigeon Pie Mystery. Julia Stuart. Uncertain Magic. Laura Kinsale. The Story of Lucy Gault. William Trevor. Ann Granger.
The Asylum. John Harwood. Uncle Montague's Tales of Terror. Chris Priestley. Winter in Thrush Green. Miss Read. Louise Allen. An Unmourned Man. Issy Brooke. Good Behaviour. Molly Keane. The Beautiful Visit. Elizabeth Jane Howard. Valerie Mendes. Between the Acts. Virginia Woolf. The Secret Years. Judith Lennox. Affairs at Thrush Green. Leon Garfield. All Over the Town. Marguerite Kaye. The Wheel Of Fortune. Susan Howatch. Beneath the Major's Scars.
Sarah Mallory. Jack Maggs. Peter Carey. Bulldog Drummond. The Tale of Castle Cottage. Susan Wittig Albert. Sophia James. Monica Dickens. The Vanishing. Sophia Tobin. Margaret Thomson Davis.
Jude Morgan. Mayfair Rebel. Beverley Hughesdon. Shadow of the Past. Judith Cutler. Born of Persuasion. Jessica Dotta. Love's Way. Joan Smith. Down the Garden Path. Dorothy Cannell. A Heart Too Proud. Laura London. Searching For Captain Wentworth. Jane Odiwe. London Lodgings. Claire Rayner. The Reluctant Viscount. Lara Temple. The Virgin and the Gipsy. Civil To Strangers. Barbara Pym. James Benmore.
Joan Makes History. Kate Grenville. My Name is Victoria. Lucy Worsley. A Bedlam of Bones. Suzette Hill. The Family Jewels and Other Stories. Winston Graham. Anne O'Brien. Cheating the Hangman. The Colours of Snow. Kate Fenton. The Persephone Book of Short Stories.